="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" viewBox="0 0 512 512">

Lesson 1

            

 

수미: 민우 씨, 이 사진에서 벤치에 앉아 있는 분이 누구세요?

민우:  책을 읽고 계신 분은 제 할아버지예요. 그리고 그 옆에서 자고 있는 아이는 제 동생이에요.

수미: 어머, 그래요? 할아버지께서 책 읽는 것을 아주 좋아하시는군요.

민우: 네, 그래서 항상 책을 읽으세요.

수미: 할아버지께서 좋아하시는 책은 주로 어떤 책이에요?

민우: 할아버지께서 예전에 읽으셨던 책은 소설이었는데 요즘은 역사에 관한 책이에요.

수미: 그래요? 제가 고등학교 때에 좋아했던 책도 역사 책이었어요.

민우 씨는 고등학교 때 어떤 책을 많이 읽었어요?

민우: 제가 고등학교 때 읽었던 책은 주로 탐정 소설이었어요. 그런데 요즘 제가 즐기는 책은 공상 과학 소설이에요.

 

Useful Expressions:

벤치: bench, 옆: next to, 항상: always, 주로: usually, 예전에: in the past, 소설: novel, 요즘: lately,역사: history, -에 관한: relating to, 탐정 소설: mystery novel, 즐기다: to enjoy, 공상 과학 소설: science fiction novels

Words relating to books

교과서: textbook, 참고서: reference book, 시집: poetry book, 동화책: fairytale book, 소설책: novel, 수필집: collection of essays, 책방: bookstore, 베스트 셀러: bestseller, 출판사: publishing company, 저자: author, 독자: reader

Quizlet Lesson 1 Link: https://quizlet.com/_3lh1ep

 

Focused Grammar: The noun-modifying forms: verb stem + – 는 (present/ ongoing), -(으)ㄴ (past), -(으)ㄹ (future)

 

Verb + 는/ (으)ㄴand (으)ㄹ modify their following nouns.

 

I.          Verb stem + -‘는+ noun’: Attach ‘ –는’ to the verb stem. Then, add a noun. This expression makes the verb a present progressive (the noun is doing an action in the present).

For example:

웃/다 (laugh)+ 사람 (person)→ 웃사람 (person who is laughing)

방에서 웃는 사람은 내 언니예요. (The person who is laughing in the room is my sister. )

자/다 (sleep) + 사람 (person)→ 자는 사람 (person who is sleeping)

방에서 자는 사람은 내 동생이에요. (The person who is sleeping in the room is my younger sibling. )

있/다 (to have/ to own) + 사람→ 있는 사람 (person who has ___)

우리 반에 차가 [있는] 사람이 없어요.

(There is no one who has a car in my class.)

 

II.         The expression Verb stem + –(으)ㄴ + noun  is used for both past and current situations.

Ex) 입/다 (to wear) + 사람 (person)→ 입은 사람 (current situation)

[한복을 입은] 사람은 내 할머니예요.

The person who is wearing a Korean dress is my grandmother.

먹/다 + 음식 (food)→ 먹은 음식 (food that has been eaten in the past – complete action)

내가 먹은 음식은 비빔밥이었어요.

The food I ate was Bibimbap.

III.       Verb stem + (으)ㄹ + noun: Something that has not been completed yet, but to be completed in the future

Ex) 먹/다 + 음식→ 먹을 음식 (food to be eaten in the future)

오늘 [먹을]음식이 뭐예요?

What’s the food that we are going to eat today?

만나/다 + 사람→ 만날 사람 7 (person to meet in the future)

내일 만날 사람은 김 선생님이에요.

The person I am going to meet tomorrow is Ms. Kim.

      

 

              Conjugation of noun-modifying constructions

 

Verb Example
 

Basic/ dictionary form 

 

읽다

Past/ completed

 

 

(으)ㄴ

 

읽은 책

내가 어제 읽은 책은 소설책이다.

 

(The book I read yesterday is a novel.)

Present/ ongoing

 

 

읽는 책

내가 지금 읽는 책은 소설책이다.

 

(The book I am reading now is a novel.)

Prospective/ future

 

 (으)ㄹ

 

읽을 책

내가 내일 읽을 책은 소설책이다.

 

(The book I am going to read tomorrow is a novel.)

 

 [연습 1] Do as in the example.

 

Verb  Past/ completed  Present/ ongoing Prospective/future
먹다 +

음식

먹은 음식

(food that I ate)

먹는 음식

(food that I am eating)

먹을 음식

(food that I will eat)

 

사다 +

가방

 

 

 

   

 

만나다 +

친구

 

 

 

   

 

공부하다 + 과목  

 

 

   

 

타다 +

 

 

 

   

 

좋아하다 + 운동  

 

 

   

 

싫어하다 + 영화  

 

 

   

 

  

[연습 2] Create a sentence using the given words.

  1. (먹다 + 음식)

present:____________________________

past: ______________________________

future:_____________________________

 

  1. (사다 + 가방)

present:____________________________

past: ______________________________

future:_____________________________

 

  1. (배우다 + 것)

present:____________________________

past: ______________________________

future:_____________________________

 

  1. (좋아하다 + 헤어스타일)

present:____________________________

past: ______________________________

future:_____________________________

 

  1. (듣다 + 수업)

present:____________________________

past: ______________________________

future:_____________________________

 

[연습 3] Translate the following sentences into Korean or into English.

 

  1. The man I met yesterday was your brother.

_________________________________

 

  1. The man I am meeting now is your brother.

__________________________________

 

  1. The man I will meet tomorrow is your brother.

__________________________________

 

  1. The chair I sat in yesterday is not good.

__________________________________

 

  1. The chair I am sitting in now is not good.

__________________________________

 

  1. The chair I will sit in is not good.

__________________________________

 

  1. 이 남자는 내가 오늘 만날 사람이에요.

__________________________________

 

  1. 이 남자는 내가 어제 만난 사람이에요.

__________________________________

 

  1. 한국어를 공부하는 저 남자는 내 친구예요.

___________________________________

 

[연습 4] Conjugate the given words using the ‘-(으)ㄹ’ form and translate the sentences into English.

 

  1. 오늘 저녁에 (먹다) ______ 음식이 없어요.

_______________________________

 

  1. 내년 여름에 한국에 (가다) 학생이 많이 있어요.

________________________________

 

  1. 다음 학기에 (졸업하다)_______ 학생이 두 사람 있어요.

_________________________________

 

  1. 목이 말라요. (마시다) _____________ 물 좀 주세요.

__________________________________

  

[연습 5] Translate the following sentences into Korean.

 

  1. This is the present that I will give to my older brother.

________________________________

 

  1. Prof. Kim is the teacher who will teach us starting next week.

________________________________

 

  1. This is the newspaper that I will read in the lounge.

_________________________________

 

  1. There are lots of things to do this weekend.

_________________________________

 

  1. The kalbi that I ate yesterday at a Korean restaurant was very tasty.

_________________________________

 

  1. The teacher who is going to teach Korean next semester is Ms. Massey.

_________________________________

 

  1. There is no food to eat today.

_________________________________

 

License

Lesson 1 Copyright © by Suk Massey. All Rights Reserved.