Lesson 2

 

 

민우: 수미 씨, 새 학기가 시작됐는데 어떻게 지내세요?

수미: 요즘 많이 바빠졌어요.

민우: 특별한 이유가 있어요?

수미: 네, 제가 수업을 지난 학기보다 더 많이 들어요. 그래서 공부를 많이 해야 돼요.

민우: 그래요? 저도 이번 학기에 할 일이 많아졌어요.

수미: 무슨 일을 하세요?

민우: 저는 아르바이트도 하고 학교 동아리 활동도 시작했어요.

수미: 와, 정말 바빠졌군요.

 

Useful Expressions:

 

새 학기: new semester, 시작되다: to begin, 지난 학기: last semester, 특별한: special, 이유: reason, 아르바이트: part-time job, 동아리 활동: club/organization activities, 정말: really

 

Words relating to mood:

 

슬프다: to be sad, 불쾌하다: to be unpleasant, 신나다: to be excited, 억울하다: to feel wronged, 행복하다: to be happy, 즐겁다: to be fun, 평안하다: to be at peace, 무섭다: to be scary,  침착하다:  to be calm

 

Quizlet Lesson 2 Link: https://quizlet.com/_3lh1gu

 

 

Focused Grammar: ~어/아지다 (=to become) a change from one state or condition to another

 

Adjective stem +-‘어/아 지다

 

1)    -‘아지다’ is attached to an adjective stem that ends in a bright vowel (ㅏ, ㅗ).

 

Ex):

 

좋/다 (good)→ 좋/아지다: 음악을 듣고 기분이 좋아졌어요.

(After listening to music, my mood became better.)

 

힘들/다 (hard)→ 힘들/어지다: 요즘 공부하는 것이 힘들졌어요.

(Lately, studying has become difficult.)

 

2)     -‘어지다’ is attached to an adjective stem that ends in a dark vowel (ㅓ, ㅡ, ㅣ, ㅜ).

 

예쁘/다 (pretty)→ 예쁘/어지다→ 예뻐지다: 언니가 예뻐졌어요.

(My older sister became pretty.)

 

재미있/다→ 재미있어 졌어요: 공부가 재미있졌어요.

(My studies have become fun.)

 

 

3)    Adjectives that end in ‘-하다’ change to 해지다’.

 

Ex):

 

건강하/다→ 건강/해지다: 운동을 해서 몸이 건강졌어요.

(Because I have exercised, my body has become healthy. )

 

피곤/하다→ 피곤/해 지다: 운동을 너무 많이 해서 피곤해졌어요.

(Because I have exercised too much, I have become tired.)

 

 Forms for when Regular and Irregular Adjectives are used with ‘–어/아지다’: 

 

Kinds of adjective Dictionary Form -어지다/아지다

 

 Regular

(많/다, 재미있/다, 짧/다, 좋/다)

많다 many/much 아지다
ㅂ irregular  (ㅂ becomes 우 before a vowel.) (춥/다, 덥/다, 어렵/다, 쉽/다, 즐겁/다) 춥다 워지다
으 irregular: (으 drops before a vowel.)

(바쁘/다, 예쁘/다, 크/다)

바쁘다 빠지다
르 irregular (으 drops before a vowel and ㄹ is added.) (빠르/다, 다르/다) 빠르다 fast 라지다
ㅅ irregular (ㅅ drops before a vowel.)

(낫다)

낫다 better 아지다
ㅎ irregular : ㅎ drops before a vowel ; the vowels of the stem and ending combine to become ‘-애’. (하/얗다, 까맣/다, 노랗/다, 빨갛/다…) 파랗다 blue 래지다
하다 adjectives  (‘하’ becomes ‘해’)

(깨끗하다, 복잡하다, 시원하다, 따뜻하다)

편리하다 convenient

깨끗하다 clean

편리해지다

 

깨끗해지다

Note: ‘to become’ in English can be translated in two ways in Korean: -어/아지다 and –이/가 되다 as below:

 

Adjective + -어/아지다 : 언니가 바빠졌다. My sister became busy.

Noun + 이/가 되다: 언니는 선생님이 되었다: My sister became a teacher.

 

 

[연습 1] Conjugate the adjectives and create sentences using the conjugated form as in the example.

 

Ex.)  따뜻하다→ 따뜻해지다: 오늘은 어제 보다 날씨가 따뜻해졌어요.

 

  1. (피곤하/다)→ _____________: _______________

 

  1. (예쁘/다)→    ____________: _________________

 

  1. (부지런하/다 diligent)→ ____________: __________

 

  1. (재미있/다)→       ____________: _______________

 

  1. (크/다)→            ______________: ______________

 

  1. (행복하/다)      ____________: ______________

 

 [연습 2] Look at the chart below and report to the class about the change that has taken place, using ~어/아지다.

 

Item 작년 last year 금년 this year
자동차 값 (car price) $18,000 $23,500
학생 수 (number of students) 1,600 명 2,050명
학비 (tuition) $3,5000 $4,1000
컴퓨터 (computer) $2,350 $1,700 plus the quality is better (질이 좋다)
용돈 (allowance) $230 $200

(* 싸다 cheap, 비싸다 expensive, 많다 many/much, 적다 little/few)

Ex) 자동차 값이 작년보다 비싸졌어요.

____________________________________________

_____________________________________________

____________________________________________

[ 연습 3]  Using the given adjectives in the box, describe how you have changed compared to last year. You may add more adjectives if necessary.

 

Ex): 저는 작년보다 더 부지런해졌어요. 그리고…

머리가 길다/짧다; 키가 크다/작다; 얼굴이 까맣다; 부지런하다 diligent; 게으르다 lazy,

뚱뚱하다 fat; 날씬하다 slender; 성격이 급하다  hot-tempered; 성격이 느긋하다 laid-back; 건강하다 healthy; 건강이 좋다/나쁘다; 한국어 실력이 좋다/나쁘다; 공부하는 게 좋다/싫다

     

Useful Expressions about Feeling/ Personality

 

거칠다→

거칠어지다

to be harsh →

to become harsh

만족하다→

만족해지다

to be satisfactory → to become satisfactory
슬프다→

슬퍼지다

to be sad →

to become sad

불만족하다-→

불만족 해지다

to be dissatisfactory → to become dissatisfactory
좋다→

좋아지다

to be good →

to become better

미안하다→

미안해지다

to be sorry → to become sorry
싫다→

싫어지다

to dislike →

to come to dislike

사랑스럽다→

사랑스러워지다

to be lovely → to become lovely
자랑스럽다->

자랑스러워지다

to be proud → to become proud 염려스럽다→ 염려스러워지다 to be worrisome → to become worrisome
부끄럽다→

부끄러워지다

to be shy/ shameful →

to become shy/shameful

부럽다→

부러워지다

to be envious of →

to become envious of

즐겁다→

즐거워지다

to be pleasant/ joyful →

to become pleasant/joyful

외롭다→

외로워지다

to be lonely →

to become lonely

건방지다→

건방져지다

to be rude →

to become rude

우울하다→

우울해지다

to be depressed →

to become depressed

상쾌하다→

상쾌해지다

 to be refreshing → to become refreshing 당황하다→

당황해지다

to be embarrassed/

frustrated →

to become embarrassed/frustrated

불쾌하다→

불쾌해지다

to be unpleasant

→ to become unpleasant

피곤하다→

피곤해지다

to be tired

→ to become tired

기분 좋다→

기분 좋아지다

to be in a good mood →

to become happier

무섭다→

무서워지다

 to be scared

→ to become scared

기분 나쁘다→

기분 나빠지다

to be in a bad mood →

to become more mad

자신 있다→

자신 있어지다

to be confident → to become confident
재미있다→

재미있어지다

to be fun →

to become more fun

자신 없다→

자신 없어지다

to not be confident

→ to lose confidence

재미없다→

재미없어지다

to not be fun → to become less fun 짜증스럽다→

짜증스러워지다

to be annoyed →

to become annoyed

편하다→

편해지다

to be comfortable → to become comfortable 심심하다→

심심해지다

 bored from →

to become bored from

불편하다→

불편해지다

to be uncomfortable  → to become uncomfortable 답답하다→

답답해지다

to be stuffy / frustrated → to become stuffy/frustrated
침착하다→

침착해지다

to be calm →

to become calm

억울하다→

억울해지다

to feel mistreated/

to feel unfair →

to feel more mistreated

초조하다→

초조해지다

to be anxious → to become anxious 불안하다→

불안해지다

to be insecure →

to become insecure

행복하다→

행복해지다

to be happy

→ to become happier

불행하다 →

불행해지다

to be unhappy

→ to become unhappier

 

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Lesson 2 Copyright © by Suk Massey. All Rights Reserved.