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Lesson 3

 

 

수미: 민우 씨, 덥 날씨가 정말 시원해 졌지요?

민우: 맞아요! 요즘 날씨가 너무 좋아요.

수미: 날씨가 시원해 져서 피곤하 몸이 개운해 졌어요.

민우: 다행이네요. 저도 요즘은 짜증나 마음이 많이 없어 졌어요.

수미: 날씨가 좋아지면 몸과 마음도 좋아지는 것 같아요.

민우:네, 나빴 것들이 좋아지는 것 같아요.

 

Useful Expressions:

 

덥다: to be hot, 시원하다: to be cool, 맞아요!: That’s right!, 요즘: lately,

날씨: weather, 너무: very,  몸: body, 개운하다: to be refreshed, 다행이다:

to be a relief, 짜증나다: to be annoyed, 마음: heart/feelings, 없어지다:

to disappear, 나쁘다: to be bad

 

[Words relating to personality]

까다롭다: to be difficult/picky, 신경질 적이다: to be sharp-tempered, 대범하다: to be bold, 무던하다: to be easy-going/generous, 관대하다: to be generous/open-minded, 급하다: to be impatient, 냉정하다: to be cold-hearted

 Quizlet Lesson 3 Link: https://quizlet.com/_3lh1pp

  

Focused Grammar:

 

adjective + -던 + Noun (retrospective)

verb stem + -던+ Noun  (used to)

 The expressions ‘adjective + -던 + Noun’ and ‘verb stem + -던+ Noun’ are used to express a past habitual action or situation that no longer occurs in the present.

1) When ‘~던’ is attached to an adjective, the expression becomes something that occurred in the past (that is different from the current situation).

예쁘/다+ 던→ 예쁘던: 예쁘던 꽃이 지금은 안 예뻐요.

(The flower that was pretty is now not pretty. )

바쁘/다 + 던→ 바쁘던: 바쁘던 아버지께서 요즘은 안 바쁘세요.

(My father who was busy is lately not busy.)

작/다 + 던→ 작던: 작년에는 작던 동생이 금년에 아주 커졌어요.

(My younger sibling who was short last year has become very tall this year.)

 

2) The expression Verb stem+ ‘던’’ is used to state past habitual actions (that are not continued in the present).

가/다+ 던→ 가던: 이 식당은 제가 작년에 자주 가던 식당이에요.

(This restaurant is the restaurant that I often went to last year. )

데이트 하/다+ 던→ 데이트 하던: 내가 데이트하던 남자가 다른 여자와 결혼했어요.    (The man whom I dated married another woman.)

좋아하/다+ 던→ 좋아하던: 내가 좋아하던 피자를 요즘은 안 좋아해요.                                 (Lately, I do not like the pizza that I had usually liked.)

[연습 1] Do as in the example.

Ex.)    좋아하/다→ 좋아하/던 예전에 좋아하/던 음식이 지금은 싫어졌어요.

The food I used to like before now has become food that I dislike.

 

  1. 바쁘다→ _________ → ________________________

(Translation)_____________________________________

 

  1. 친절하다→ ________ → ________________________

(Translation) _____________________________________

 

  1. 더럽다-→ _________→ ________________________

(Translation) ____________________________________

 

  1. 재미없다→ ________ → ________________________

(Translation) ____________________________________

 [연습 2] Complete the following sentences as in the example.

보기: 하얗던 눈이 더러워졌습니다. The snow that was white has become dirty.

1._________ 아버지가 시간이 많아지셨습니다. My father has more free time.

2._________빨래가 더러워졌습니다. The laundry has become dirty.

3._________ 날씨가 따뜻해졌습니다. The weather has become warmer.

4._________ 동생이 키가 커졌습니다. My younger sibling has become taller.

5._________교통이 편리해졌습니다. (* 편리하다: convenient) The traffic has become dispersed.

6._________숙제가 어려워졌습니다. The homework has become harder.

7._________옷이 싸졌습니다.  (*싸다: cheap) The clothing has become cheaper.

8._________공부가 지루해졌어요. (*지루하다: boring) My studies have become more boring.

 

[연습 3] Fill in the blanks with appropriate noun-modifying forms and translate the sentences.

 

  1. 이 식당은 내가 작년에 자주(often) _____________ 식당이에요.

영어:___________________________________________

 

  1. 이 집은 내가 어렸을 때 _______________ 집이에요.

영어: ___________________________________________

 

  1. 어제까지 _____________ 날씨가 갑자기(suddenly) 좋아졌어요.

영어:  ___________________________________________

 

  1. 내가 _____________남자친구와 결혼할 거예요.

영어: ____________________________________________

 

  1. 작년에 한국어 수업을 ____________ 친구가 지금 한국에서 영어를 가르쳐요.

영어:_____________________________________________

 

[연습 4] Translate the following sentences into Korean.

1. This is the restaurant I often used to go to last year.

_____________________________________

 

2. The newspaper I was reading disappeared.

_____________________________________

 

3. Boston is the place where I used to live five years ago.

_____________________________________

 

한국어로 이야기해요!

 

과거에 (in the past) 좋아하던 배우, 가수, 운동 선수, 그리고 물건들과 지금 좋아하는 배우, 가수,

운동 선수, 물건 등을 그려 보고 하나씩 이야기 해 봅시다.

Example:

A:         어떤 영화를 좋아하세요?

B:         제가 고등학교 때 좋아하던 영화는 낭만적 영화 (romantic movie)였어요.

내가 좋아하던______은___________였어요.

그런데 지금은 ____________을 좋아해요.

(영화배우 movie star)
(가수  singer)
(물건  things)
(음악 music)
(머리 스타일  hair style)
색깔

 

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